Clinton Brown Company Architecture is the preeminent firm for historic resource surveys in Western New York. With 25 years of expertise in historic preservation, the firm has surveyed over 15,200 properties, and in 2012 alone recognized and protected more than 2,500 historic structures. Resource surveys are the first step to knowing what significant resources to protect.
OLD FIRST WARD COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION
In process 2014
Funded by a Preservation League of NYS grant, the Old First Ward Community Association is underway iwht the first historic resource survey ever done. CBCA is looking at 1,100 properties within the historic First Ward neighborhood. Many famous city residents came from the First Ward located on the Buffalo River alongside our historic grain elevators.
VILLAGE OF BROCKPORT ARCHITECTURAL DOCUMENTATION PROJECT
With funding provided by a Certified Local Government (CLG) grant, CBCA prepared for the Village of Brockport Historic Preservation Commission an annotated list, documenting 269 buildings in the Erie Canal village. In an area south of the canal and to the west of Main Street, CBCA photographed and documented a wide variety of houses and churches, including several dating to the 1840s and ‘50s during the early boom years of canal trade in Brockport.
The information culled from this architectural investigation will be incorporated into a pioneering website creation project being prepared concurrent by CBCA. This website will serve as a primary portal for information on historic preservation, the Historic Preservation Commission, historic districts and buildings in Brockport and other tools that will serve as an educational resource.
VILLAGE OF WILLIAMSVILLE INTENSIVE LEVEL HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY
Working with the Village Historic Preservation Commission, CBCA is currently completing a Certified Local Government (CLG) grant funded Intensive Level Historic Resources Survey, documenting 43 buildings, structures, objects and parks in Williamsville. Building on a previous survey project, Clinton Brown Company documented many former residential buildings on Main Street, some dating to the 1840s when “Williams Mills” was on the main route between Buffalo and Batavia. Also reviewed was a collection of stone walls, garden houses and other elements located throughout the Village, thought to have been the work of locally-prominent mason Ignatz Oechsner, whose own Oechsner Castle on Dream Island in Williamsville is a local landmark.
The goal of this project was to not only identify those properties that appeared eligible for nomination to the State and National Registers of Historic Places, but to focus on those that may be eligible for local landmarking. In the future, the Village HPC plans to move forward with nominating some of the buildings and sites identified in this Intensive Level survey as local landmarks.
INDUSTRIAL RESOURCES OF BROOME COUNTY
MULTIPLE RESOURCES SURVEY
Once a center of cigar manufacturing during the late 1800s, and later home to nationally significant companies including IBM, Endicott-Johnson shoes and Link Aviation, CBCA has surveyed current and former industrial properties in Broome County. Over 150 properties located throughout the county were examined during field work, of which over 50 have been determined to be potentially eligible for the National Register. Resources in the county ranged from nineteenth century brick mill-type examples to Modern reinforced concrete examples of factory construction.
This survey was completed as preparation for creating a Multiple Property Documentation Form (MPDF). This document will serve as a cover document, streamlining the nomination process for many industrial properties. CBCA is preparing two individual NR registration forms to accompany the MPDF. The goal of the survey and MPDF is to encourage new growth, investment and revitalization of Broome County’s stock of industrial properties.
CITY OF LOCKPORT RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL
HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY
CBCA has completed a historic resources survey of an area within the City of Lockport, working closely with the Historic Preservation Commission and local officials. The home of the famous “Flight of Five” series of locks on the Erie Canal, Lockport developed rapidly in the early nineteenth-century due to the canal construction and trade.
In Lockport, CBCA reviewed over 600 properties within the core of the City, which has yielded numerous excellent examples of residential, commercial, ecclesiastical and industrial architecture. Buildings of note in the survey area include the former Harrison Radiator Corporation buildings, an excellent example of reinforced concrete frame industrial architecture, several stone buildings including the former Church of the Redeemer built ca. 1843 and many fine residential examples of Italianate and Queen Anne styles along Locust and High Streets.
View this survey online at: http://buffaloah.com/surveys/lock/lock.html.
CITY OF BUFFALO, BLACK ROCK NEIGHBORHOOD RECONNIASSANCE LEVEL HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY
CBCA was engaged by the City of Buffalo to complete a survey of historic properties within the Black Rock planning neighborhood. Historically, this area which is located north of downtown Buffalo along the Niagara River, was one of the earliest communities in the area.
CBCA has updated a previously completed 2006 survey as well as surveyed several new areas within the planning neighborhood, reviewing over 500 properties in this historic community. Based on the findings of the study, CBCA made recommendations for future nominations and recognition of Black Rock. A Multiple Property Documentation Form (MPDF) was also completed which will allow many of the neighborhood’s resources including churches, commercial buildings, individual houses and districts, allowing property owners in the community to take advantage of historic preservation tax credit programs to maintain and preserve the unique historic character of their community.
Please view this survey online at: http://buffaloah.com/surveys/br/br.html.
VILLAGE OF SHERMAN RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL CULTURAL RESOURCE SURVEY
Located in rolling hills of Chautauqua County, NY, the Village of Sherman is a small rural community which contains an impressive variety of architectural styles. CBCA surveyed over 200 resources in the Village, working with the Chautauqua Home Rehabilitation and Improvement Corporation (CHRIC). The project was funded by a Preserve New York grant from the Preservation League of New York State.
The Village of Sherman contains an excellent collection of nineteenth and twentieth-century buildings. Main Street in the Village features a largely intact nineteenth-century streetscape lined with brick commercial blocks. Sherman also was found to contain numerous examples of Greek Revival, Italianate and Queen Anne style houses. The Village also unexpectedly was found to contain examples of ca. 1950s Moderne houses.
View this survey online at: http://buffaloah.com/surveys/sher/sher.html.
CITY OF NEWBURGH RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL
CULTURAL RESOURCE SURVEY
CBCA has worked with the City of Newburgh in New York’s scenic Hudson Valley to complete a cultural resources survey. CBCA surveyed over 2,000 properties in the city, examining previously undocumented areas outside of the East End Historic District, the second largest historic district in New York State.
The survey uncovered several excellent examples of late-nineteenth century residential architecture including a group of large mansions along Carpenter Street. Also “discovered” during the survey were excellent examples of early industrial architecture, including several factories and plants which once formed the backbone of the city’s textile industry. The report resulted in the recommendation for several sites to be nominated to the State and National Register of Historic Places, and the results of the historic resource survey will lead to further study and examination by Newburgh.
VILLAGE OF PALMYRA RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY
CBCA was commissioned by the Village of Palmyra to undertake a Reconnaissance Level Historic Resources Survey of portions of the village in preparation for a village-wide district nomination to the State and National Register of Historic Places. Palmyra is one of the state’s best-preserved Erie Canal towns, and retained much of its early nineteenth-century residential, commercial and ecclesiastical architecture. The areas of the village which were surveyed included several residential streets which were settled in the late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century.
In preparation for the district nomination, new Historic Resource Inventory forms were prepared for the surveyed properties. The Palmyra Village Historic District, which involved combining and significantly expanding two older district areas in the village, was listed on the State and National Registers of Historic Places in 2009 and is pending listing on the National Register.
INTENSIVE LEVEL HISTORIC RESOURCE SURVEY
The Intensive Level Historic Resources Survey is part of an initiative to document the historic resources of the Town of Clarence under the leadership of the Town Supervisor and the Historic Preservation Commission. CBCA has visited, researched, photographed, and prepared Historic Resources Inventory forms for approximately 300 structures throughout the Town of Clarence based on the results of the Reconnaissance Level Survey. Town funding was complemented by a Preserve NY grant form the Preservation League of New York State. The Town has recently designated its first local historic property, the ca. 800 Brace House, as a result of this survey.
TOWN OF CLARENCE
RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL HISTORIC RESOURCE SURVEY
CBCA was commissioned by the Town of Clarence and their Historic Preservation Commission to undertake a Reconnaissance Level Survey of over 2,000 structures that are 50 years or older. Clarence was established in 1808, making it the oldest township in Erie County; it is also the largest. The Town is full of rich resources, including the Asa Ransom House and United Brethren Church.
The goal of the Reconnaissance Level Survey was to identify the properties eligible for national or local historic designation, and to create a working database of historic properties to be used as a reference in the Town’s ongoing planning and historic preservation efforts as the Town grows.
CITY OF BUFFALO INTENSIVE LEVEL SURVEYS
Intensive Level Historic Resource Surveys have been completed in the Triangle, Broadway-Fillmore, and Grant-Ferry-Forest neighborhoods of the City of Buffalo. These surveys are a part of multi-phased initiative to document the historic resources of the City of Buffalo; work that had not been done in the City in over 20 years.
CBCA researched, photographed, and prepared Historic Resource Inventory forms for approximately 2,100 structures throughout the three neighborhood areas. CBCA also converted approximately 1,700 Historic Resource Inventory forms from the Parkside National Register Historic Districts into digital format.
In the Grant-Ferry-Forest survey, the Black Rock Meeting House at 44 Breckenridge Street, built c. 1827, was found to be one of the oldest structures in the area. The structure at 1119 Genesee Street was discovered to be a possible rare surviving example of a park outbuilding by Calvert Vaux.
Please view these surveys online at: http://www.ci.buffalo.ny.us/Home/City_Departments/Office_of_Strategic_Planning/Preservation_Board/HistoricResourcesIntensiveLevelSurvey
CITY OF NIAGARA FALLS
HISTORIC RESOURCE INTENSIVE LEVEL SURVEY
CBCA conducted an Intensive Level Survey of more than 2,000 properties in areas designated in cooperation with City Planning and State Historic Preservation Office professionals.
It resulted in an annotated list of 654 structures and preparation of 596 Historic Resource Inventory forms, update of forms and photos of 46 previously inventoried structures, all compiled into an Intensive Level digital and paper report. The process included meetings to engage public under the aegis of the newly formed Historic Preservation Commission. CBCA also hosted a roundtable of Niagara Falls area historians.
Please view this survey online at: http://buffaloah.com/surveys/nf/nf_tc.html
TOWN OF AMHERST HISTORIC ENTRANCEWAYS RECONNAISSANCE LEVEL SURVEY
Distinctive residential subdivision entranceways welcomed new residents to the suburban areas of Amherst at the dawn of the automobile age which gave mobility to American families. These highly designed heralds of a new way of living represent the best of Amherst’s quality of life. Today, these now familiar landmarks of the recent past are being recognized as historic and of national significance.
CBCA conducted a reconnaissance level survey for the Town of Amherst of 11 historic entranceways, comprised of 25 structures, and prepared an existing conditions report with photos, reconstruction and preservation recommendations, construction cost estimates, and ranking of priority of preservation of the entranceways.
CBCA prepared a Multiple Properties National Register Nomination, the “Suburbanization of Buffalo” with which to register the individual entranceways. Listing on the State and National Registers of Historic Places will allow the Town to apply for state funding for rehabilitation of these historic structures.
National Register Listed: Roycroft Boulevard & Main Street, Lamarck Drive & Main Street, Westfield Road & Ivyhurst Road, Lafayette Blvd & Main Street, Lebrun Road & Main Street , Darwin Drive & Main Street, High Park Boulevard & Main Street, Smallwood Drive & Main Street
CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY WINDFARM PROJECT
CBCA conducted a Historic Resource Reconnaissance Level Survey to determine historic resources with views of proposed wind turbine towers to be located on the escarpment area off Lake Erie in a predominately agricultural landscape.
Reviewed a 5 mile radius Zone of Visual Influence with client Ecology & Environment, Inc. and State Historic Preservation Office personnel to outline survey area boundary. Performed Survey of 1,250 structures, including field research, photo documentation, historical and geographical research. Discussions with SHPO staff regarding structures resulted in an annotated list of 340 structures and preparation and research of 50 draft Inventory Forms.